Coronavirus glossary Part 2: Epidemic vs Pandemic
With the coronavirus outbreak came various medical terms. It can sometimes be difficult to remember them all. But you need them to understand the news as the situation evolves and every day brings new events. Here is a glossary with key terms that you need to know right now.
Per Merriam-Webster, an outbreak is a sudden rise in the incidence of a disease,” which is usually confined to one area or group of people.
An epidemic occurs locally:
“The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness, specific health-related behavior, or other health-related events clearly in excess of normal expectancy.”
The worldwide spread of a new disease: An influenza pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world, and most people do not have immunity.
The period between the infection of an individual by a pathogen and the manifestation of the illness or disease it causes.
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